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Specialty Definitions

Acupuncture


Addiction Medicine
Physicians who work with patients that have substance use disorders. They specialize in prevention, diagnosis, treatment of withdrawal, medical or psychiatric complications, and relapse and the monitoring of recovery.

Addiction Psychiatry
Patients sometimes have a mental illness along with an addiction. Addictions psychiatry treats patients who have mental illnesses such as depression or schizophrenia, combined with dependence on substances such as alcohol, or behaviors such as gambling.

Aerospace Medicine
A field of medicine which specialises in the effects of atmospheric and space flight on human physical and psychological well-being.

Allergy & Immunology
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis of disorders caused by hypersensitivity to various substances.

Anatomic Pathology
The branch of medicine concerned with disease, especially its structure and its functional effects on the body.

Anatomical/Clinical Pathology
The branch of medicine concerned with disease, especially its structure and its functional effects on the body.

Anesthesiology
The medical study of how to eliminate pain and sensation in people undergoing surgery and other medical procedures.

Audiology
A specialty focusing on hearing disorders through identification and evaluation of hearing loss and the rehabilitation of persons with hearing loss.

Autism Spectrum Disorders


Blood Banking/Transfusion Medicine
Responsible for the maintenance of and adequate blood supply, blood donor and patient-recepient safety and approprate blood utilization.

Brain Injuries
Acute injuries to the brain, general or unspecified

Cardiothoracic Surgery
Pertaining to the heart and blood vessels.

Cardiovascular Disease
Diseases of the heart, lungs and blood vessels.

Certified Clinical Nurse Specialist
A CNS is a masters prepared, advanced practice nurse whose care focuses on a specific patient population, (e.g. medical, surgical, diabetic, cardiovascular, operating room, emergency room, critical care, or geriatric, neonatal, etc.)

Certified Nurse Midwife
A nurse certified to assists other women in childbirth.

Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists
Professional nurses who have completed postgraduate training in the administration of anaesthetics and who function under the responsibility of the operating surgeon.

Certified Registered Nurse Practitioner
A nurse practitioner (NP) is a nurse who has a postgraduate degree in advanced practice nursing, allowing him/her to diagnose and treat common and chronic diseases. The nurse practitioner is prepared, both academically and clinically, to provide a broad range of health care services.

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in children.

Chiropractic Medicine
A specialty focusing on the non-surgical treatment of neuromuscular skeletal conditions by means of manipulation of the spine and related structures.

Clinical and Laboratory Immunology (Pediatrics)
The branch of biomedical science concerned with the response of the organism to antigenic challenge, the recognition of self and not self and all the biological, serological and physical chemical aspects of immune phenomena, as it relates to children.

Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology
A field of special interest to evaluate heart rhythms and determine appropriate treatment.

Clinical Pathology
The branch of medicine concerned with disease, especially its structure and its functional effects on the body.

Colon & Rectal Surgery
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the colon, rectum and anal canal.

Critical Care Medicine
Health care provided to a critically ill patient during a medical emergency or crisis.

Cytopathology
Diagnosis of human disease by means of the study of cells.

Dermatology
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment disorders of the skin, hair and nails.

Dermatopathology
A dermathopathologist has the expertise to diagnose and monitor diseases of the skin.

Electrodiagnostic Medicine
This specialist uses electromyography, a neurological test to analyze electrical activity of the nerves and muscles of the spine and extremities to diagnose neurologic, muscular, and orthopedic disorders.

Emergency Medicine
The emergency physician provides immediate recognition, evaluation, care, stabilization and disposition.

Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the glands.

Environmental Medicine
Medical specialty concerned with environmental factors that may impinge upon human disease, and development of methods for the detection, prevention, and control of environmentally related disease.

Facial Plastic Surgery
The surgical specialty or procedure concerned with the restoration, construction, reconstruction, or improvement in the shape and appearance of the face structure that are missing, defective, damaged, or misshapen.

Family Practice
A specialty focusing on providing continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.

Gastroenterology
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the digestive system.

General Medicine (Family Practice)
Non-specialized practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing care.

General Practitioner


General Surgery
A specialty covering a wide variety of surgical procedures.

Geriatric Medicine (Internal Medicine)
The branch of medicine concerned with the physiological and pathological aspects of the aged, including the clinical problems of senescence and senility.

Geriatric Psychiatry
A subspecialty of psychiatry concerned with the mental health of the aged.

Geriatrics
The branch of medicine concerned with the physiological and pathological aspects of the aged, including the clinical problems of senescence and senility.

Gynecological Oncology
The medical study and treatment of cancers of the female reproductive organs such as; ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, uterine cancer.

Gynecology
A specialty focusing on the care and management of the female reproductive system.

Hand Surgery
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders in the hand.

Head & Neck Surgery
Management of surgical conditions affecting the head and neck.

Hematology
A specialty focusing on the treatment of diseases of the blood, spleen, and lymph glands.

Hematology/Oncology
A specialty focusing on knowledge of hematology (blood disorders), and oncology (cancerous diseases).

Hepatology
The science which treats of the liver; a treatise on the liver.

Hospice and Palliative Care
Specialised health care, supportive in nature, provided to a dying person.

Infectious Disease
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis, cause and treatment of contagious disease.

Internal Medicine
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and non-surgical treatment of disorders of the internal organs.

Internal Medicine/Pediatrics
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and non-surgical treatment of disorders of the internal organs in children.

Interventional Cardiology
A specialty focusing on diseases of the heart, lungs and blood vessels and manages complex cardiac conditions such as heart attacks and abnormal heart rhythms.

Licensed Therapists and Counselors
Mental health professionals including but not limited to the following: social workers, professional counselors, marriage and family therapists, licensed clinical social workers and certified addiction counselors. mental health professionals including but not limited to the following: social workers, professional counselors, marriage and family therapists, licensed clinical social workers and certified addiction counselors. Mental health professionals including but not limited to the following: social workers, professional counselors, marriage and family therapists, licensed clinical social workers and certified addiction counselors.

Maternal & Fetal Medicine
A specialty in the treatment of patients with complicated pregnancies.

Medical Genetics
A specialist trained in diagnostic and therapeutic procedures for patients with genetically-linked diseases.

Medical Oncology
An internist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of all types of cancer and other benign and malignant tumors.

Medical Toxicology


Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine
A specialty focusing on the care of sick newborn infants.

Nephrology
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and management, by medication, diet or dialysis of malfunction and diseases of the kidney.

Neurodevelopmental Disabilities


Neurological Surgery
A neurological surgeon provides the operative and non-operative management of disorders of the central peripheral and autonomic nervous sytems.

Neurology
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system.

Neurology with Special Qualification in Child Neurology


Neuropsychology
A branch of psychology which investigates the correlation between experience or behaviour and the basic neurophysiological processes.

Nuclear Medicine
A specialty that employs the properties of radioactive atoms and molecules in the diagnosis and treatment of disease and research.

Obstetrics & Gynecology
A specialty focusing on special knowledge, skills and professional capability in the medical and surgical care of the female reproductive system.

Occupational Medicine
A branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of patients with occupational and environmental illness and injury.

Occupational Therapy
A form of therapy that encourages and instructs manual activities for therapeutic or remedial purposes in mental and physical disorders.

Ophthalmology
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the eye.

Optometry
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and non-surgical treatment of disorders of the eye and vision care.

Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
General or unspecified injuries involving the face and jaw (either upper, lower, or both).

Orthodontics
The use of devices to move teeth or adjust underlying bone.

Orthopeadic Sports Medicine


Orthopeadic Surgery
A surgeon trained in the preservation, investigation and restoration of the form and function of the extremities, spine and associated structures by medical, surgical and physical means.

Orthopeadics
A specialty focusing on the restoration and preservation of form and function of the extremities and associated structures.

Otolaryngology
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose and throat.

Otorhinolaryngology
The branch of medicine concerned with medical and surgical treatment of the head and neck, including the ears, nose and throat.

Pain Management (Anesthesiology)
Multidisciplinary approach to the management of both acute and chronic pain, including neurodiagnostic, psychological and rehabilitative services.

Pain Medicine


Pediatric Allergy
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis of disorders caused by hypersensitivity to various substances in children.

Pediatric Cardiology
Evaluating the structural and functional assessment of the heart and blood vessels.

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
The critical care and management of life-threatening organ system failure from any cause in both medical and surgical patients.

Pediatric Dermatology


Pediatric Emergency Medicine
The emergency physician provides immediate recognition, evaluation, care, stabilization and disposition for children.

Pediatric Endocrinology
Care to infants, children and adolescents who have diseases that result from an abnormality in the endocrine glands (glands which secrete hormones).

Pediatric Gastroenterology
Diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the digestive systems of infants, children and adolescents.

Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
A specialty focusing on knowledge of general pediatrics, hematology (blood disorders), and oncology (cancerous diseases).

Pediatric Infectious Disease
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis, cause and treatment of contagious disease in children.

Pediatric Nephrology
A specialty focusing on normal and abnormal development of the kidney and urinary tract in children.

Pediatric Neurology
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system in children.

Pediatric Ophthalmology
The area of children medicine dealing with the eye.

Pediatric Orthopedics
Literally, the practice of child straightening, orthopedics is the branch of surgery broadly concerned with the skeletal system (bones).

Pediatric Otolaryngology
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose and throat in children.

Pediatric Pathology
Expertise in the laboratory diagnosis of diseases that occur during fetal growth, infancy and child development.

Pediatric Pulmonology
A specialty focusing on the prevention and treatment of all respiratory diseases affecting infants, children and young adults.

Pediatric Radiology
A specialty focusing on the use of radiation and other radioactive substances to diagnose and treat disease in children.

Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine


Pediatric Rheumatology
A branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of arthritis in children.

Pediatric Surgery
A surgeon with expertise in the management of surgical conditions in premature and newborn infants, children and adolescents.

Pediatric Surgery (Neurology)


Pediatrics
A specialty focusing on maintaining health and providing medical care for children from birth to late teens.

Pediatrics/Developmental
Evaluation of children with physical and mental developmental issues such as Attention Deficit Disorder and autism.

Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
A specialty focusing on the planning, conduction and evaluation of a physical therapy program for patients requiring physical rehabilitation.

Physical Therapy
A physical therapist is a specialist trained using exercise and physical activities to condition muscles and improve level of activity.

Physician Assistant
A healthcare professional that is licensed to provide patient education, evaluation and works along with the doctor to provide medical care to a group of patients.

Plastic Surgery
A surgery that specialises in reducing scarring or disfigurement that may occur as a result of accidents, birth defects, or treatment for diseases (such as melanoma).

Play Therapy
A treatment technique utilizing play as a medium for expression and communication between patient and therapist

Podiatry
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders and injury of the feet.

Psychiatry
A specialty focusing on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of mental, addictive and emotional disorders.

Psychology
The science of the human soul; specifically, the systematic or scientific knowledge of the powers and functions of the human soul, so far as they are known by consciousness; a treatise on the human soul.

Public Health & General Preventative Medicine


Pulmonary Disease
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the respiratory system. It is especially concerned with diagnosis and treatment of diseases and defects of the lungs and bronchial tree.

Radiation Oncology
The medical study of the use of radiation (x-rays, gamma rays or electrons) to destroy cancers.

Radiology
A specialty focusing on the use of radiation and other radioactive substances to diagnose and treat disease.

Reproductive Endocrinology
A specialist in OB/GYN who is capable of managing complex problems related to reproductive endocrinology and infertility.

Rheumatology
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and related structures.

Sleep Medicine
Diagnosis and treatment of patients with disorder of sleep and daytime alertness and the effect of the sleep process upon other medical disorders.

Speech Therapy
The study of speech or language disorders and their diagnosis and correction.

Sports Medicine
A specialty in the field of health and fitness enhancement and prevention of injury and illness.

Surgical Oncology
The study of cancer using surgery, usually to remove cancerous tumours and tissue.

Thoracic Surgery
A specialty focusing on operative, perioperative care and critical care of patients with pathologic conditions of the chest.

Trauma Surgery
Deals with the treatment of wounds and injuries through surgical methods.

Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine
Hyperbaric oxygen is a mode of therapy in which the patient breathes 100% oxygen at pressures greater than normal atmospheric (sea level) pressure.

Urogynecology
Specialty focusing on the diagnosis, management and treatment of urinary incontinence in women.

Urology
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the male genital tract and the urinary tract in both male and females.

Vascular & Interventional Radiology


Vascular Surgery
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disorders of the blood vessels, excluding the heart, lungs and brain.

Vision Therapy
The use of special eye exercises to address eye defects, such as strabismus. Some vision therapists also claim that eye exercises can help people with neurological or learning disabilities. This approach is not proven for the latter use, although some patients do report improvement.

Wound Care